Analyzing an earlier flood, variation of democratic experience within East Germany, and a panel survey provides further evidence that less democratically experienced voters are easier prey to pre-election policies.
The findings may not only have implications for relief programs connected to the pandemic but also for government programs fighting other natural disasters, economic downturns or inequality, and the working of democracies, in which incumbents may use public money to sway votes, more generally.
Michael Neugart and Johannes Rode, 2021, “Voting after a major flood: Is there a link between democratic experience and retrospective voting?”, European Economic Review, 133, DOI:10.1016/j.euroecorev.2021.103665
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